Scrap Tyres: A Big Hazard for the Environment and Planet!
It will come as a shock to most people that used and discarded tires are one of the contributors to the growing air pollution and health crisis present in many cities of India. These tires which have reached the end of their shelf life are often treated or processed by way of a technique called Pyrolysis. While this method has been touted as economically safer and economically viable, the byproducts from the burning of tires in this process of Pyrolysis, results in the production of fuel gas, solid residue (char) and low-grade carbon black which while cheap, is of extremely low quality. There is also a huge percentage of waste that is generated.
Pyrolysis plants are also highly unregulated with conditions that are extremely hazardous and lead to the emission of highly toxic gasses. However, India still continues to generate around 5 billion waste tires every year globally, and is also one of the only Asian countries to import scrap tires from Western countries, such as the United Kingdom. One might ask then, how can a crisis of this magnitude be dealt with, especially when In India, tire is expected to grow at a rate of 7-9% over the next five years?